Penjelasan dan Contoh Explanation Text Terlengkap

Jangan lupa membaca artikel tentang bisnis di > Informasi bisnis terbaik 2020. - Penjelasan dan Contoh Explanation Text Terlengkap. Kali ini penulis akan share tentang Explanation Text, text ini dipelajari di jenjang SMA dan sederajat. Teks yang menceritakan tentang proses pembentukan fenomena alam , sosial , ilmiah dan budaya. Menceritakan tentang ' mengapa ' dan ' bagaimana ' dari pembentukan fenomena itu sendiri. Hal ini sering ditemukan dalam ilmu pengetahuan, geografi dan teks sejarah buku. Jadi saya akan share penjelasan detailnya dibawah ini.

Definition of Explanation Text

Explanation Text adalah sebuah teks yang berisi tentang proses-proses yang berhubungan dengan fenomena-fenomena alam, soisal, ilmu pengetahuan, budaya dan lainnya. Sebuah Explanation text biasanya berasal dari pertanyaan penulis terkait ‘why’ dan ‘how’ terhadap suatu fenomena yang ada.

Purpose of Explanation Text

Tujuan kebahasaan dari Explanation text adalah untuk menerangkan proses-proses yang terjadi dalam pembentukan atau kegiatan yang terkait dengan fenomena-fenomena alam, sosial, ilmu pengetahuan, budaya, dan lainnya yang bertujuan menjelaskan.

Generic Structures of Explanation Text

Terdapat tiga bagian dalam struktur kebahasaan yang dimiliki Explanation Text, yaitu berupa:
  • A general statement
Dalam general statement berisi tentang penjelasan umum tentang fenomena yang akan dibahas, bisa berupa pengenalan fenomena tersebut atau penjelasannya.
  • A squenced of explanation
A squenced of explanation berisi tentang penjelasan proses mengapa fenomena tersebut bisa terjadi atau tercipta. A squenced of explanation berupa jawaban dari pertanyaan ‘why’ dan ‘how’ penulis ketika membuat sebuah Explanation text. Dalam squenced of explanation bisa terdiri lebih dari satu paragrap.
  • Closing
Sebenarnya closing itu tidak tercantum dalam generic structure dari Explanation text, tetapi kebanyakan orang beranggapan bahwa paragrap terakhir dari sebuah Explanation text adalah closing, padahal itu merupakan bagian dari squenced of explantaion yang berisi tentang langkah akhir yang dijelaskan pada bagian squenced of explanation.

Grammar Used

Dalam sebuah explanation text, terdapat ciri-ciri kebahasaan seperti di bawah ini, yaitu:
  • Menggunakan simpel present tense
  • Mengguankan abstract noun (kata benda yang nampak)
  • Mengguanakan Passive voice
  • Menggunakan Action verbs

Example of Explanation Text

The Fan

A general statement

The Fan is an electronic device that everybody use it in their house. People use the fan to make the air in the room cooler, especially in hot day. And how does the fan work?

Kipas angin adalah sebuah perangkat elektronik yang orang gunakan di rumah mereka. Orang menggunakan kipas angin untuk membuat udara di dalam ruangan menjadi dingin, khususnya di hari yang panas. Dan bagaimana kipas angin bekerja?

A squenced of explanation

An electric fan is an electric motor with some fan blades attached to its rotating shaft. As the motor spins, the fan blades rotate. Each blade is angled a bit, and as the inclined plane of the blade moves through the air, it forces the air ahead of it forward. Each blade does this on a continuous basis, and the result is a moving air stream. The fan is taking air from the area behind itself and blowing it out the front.

Sebuah kipas angin listrik adalah sebuah motor listrik dengan beberapa bilah kipas yang melekat pada poros yang berputar. Ketika poros tersebut berputar, bilah kipas juga akan berputar. Setiap kipas dimiringkan sedikit, dan karena bidang miring pada kipas tersebut bergerak melalui udara, kipas tersebut memaksa udara keluar dari depan. Setiap kipas melakukan hal tersebut secara terus menerus, dan hasilnya adalah aliran udara yang bergerak. Kipas tersebut mengambil udara dari wilayah dibelakangnya dan meniupnya keluar di depan.


The fan generates a movement of air, causing the warm dense air to descend, and the cool dense air to rise, thus creating a feeling of coolness in the air.

Kipas menghasilkan gerakan di udara, menyebabkan ketebalan udara panas menurun dan ketebalan udara dingin meningkat, sehingga menyebabkan kesejukan di udara.

Contoh Pertama
How Earthquakes Happen
Earthquake is one of the most destroying natural disasters. Unluckily it often happens in several regions. Recently a horrible earthquake has shaken West Sumatra. It has brought great damages.

Why did it occur? Do you know how an earthquake happens? Earthquakes are usually caused when rock underground suddenly breaks along a fault. This sudden release of energy causes the seismic waves. It make the ground shake.

When two blocks of rock or two plates are rubbing against each other, they stick a little. They don't just slide smoothly.

The rocks are still pushing against each other, but not moving. After a while, the rocks break because of all the pressure that's built up. When the rocks break, the earthquake occurs. During the earthquake and afterward, the plates or blocks of rock start moving, and they continue to move until they get stuck again. The spot underground where the rock breaks is called the focus of the earthquake.

The place right above the focus is called the epicenter of the earthquake.

Contoh Kedua
How Does Rain Happen?
Rain is the essential wellspring of new water for most zones of the world, giving suitable conditions to assorted biological systems, and in addition water for hydroelectric force plants and harvest watering system.

The marvel of downpour is really a water circle. The idea of the water cycle includes the sun warming the Earth’s surface water and bringing about the surface water to vanish. The water vapor ascends into the Earth’s environment. The water in the climate cools and gathers into fluid beads. The beads develop until they are substantial and tumble to the earth as precipitation which can be as downpour or snow.

On the other hand, not all downpour achieves the surface. Some dissipates while falling through dry air. This is called virga, a marvel which is regularly seen in hot, dry desert areas.


A geyser is the result of underground water under the combined conditions of high temperatures and increased pressure beneath the surface of the earth. Since temperature rises approximately 1 F for every sixty feet under the earth's surface, and pressure increases with depth, the water that seeps down in crack and fissures until it reaches very hot rock in the earth interior becomes heated to temperature in excess of 290 F.

Because of the greater pressure, the water shoots out of the surface in the form of steam and hot water. The result is a geyser. In order to function, then a geyser must have a source of heat, reservoir where water can be stored until the temperature rises to an unstable point, an opening through which the hot water and steam can escape, and underground channels for resupplying Water after an eruption.

Favorable conditions for geyser exist in some regions of the world including New Zealand, Iceland, and the Yellowstone National Park area of the United States. The most famous geyser in the world is Old Faithfull in Yellow Park. Old Faithfull erupts almost every hour, rising to a height of 125 to 170 feet and expelling more than ten thousand gallons during each eruption.
Read the text carefully and choose the best answer of each questions!
1. How geyser is produced?
A. By the rise of temperature pressure functioning hot steam.
B. From a huge tension of heated water that coming out from the earth crack.
C. From the heated temperature in earth crack that absorbing water.
D. From the temperature and absorbed water that occurs on earth surface.
E. By the hot water and temperature of hot rock that occurs on earth surface. 

2. Steam and hot water shoot out of the surface because of ....
A. Hot rock and water
B. Temperature and pressure
C. Greater pressure  
D. High temperature and increased pressure
E. Underground temperature and increased pressure

3. Reservoir where the water can be stored will be after eruption and resupplying again .....
A. Hot
B. Narrow
C. Open  
D. Empty
E. Unstable

4. "... and expelling more than ten thousand gallons during each eruption." (Paragraph 3)
The underlined word is closest in meaning to ....
A. Heating
B. Melting
C. Wasting 
D. Supplying
E. Discharging

Catatan : Terimakasih telah membaca artikel tentang Penjelasan dan Contoh Explanation Text Terlengkap.
Definition : Explanation is a text which tells processes relating to forming of natural, social, scientific and cultural phenomena.
Purpose : To explain the processes involved in the formation or working of natural or sociocultural phenomena.
Generic Structure :
1. General statement
2. Explanation
3. Closing


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